Measurement of Unemployment Rate: Who Is Not Included In the Labor Force?

The measurement of unemployment rate in the United States includes not only the number of people who have lost their jobs. It also includes:

1.    Persons who have quit their jobs to look for another job
2.    Persons whose temporary jobs have ended
3.    Experienced workers looking for jobs after an absence from the labor force.

When the Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts these surveys to calculate the unemployment rate of the country, they do not include:

1.    Persons less than 16 years old.
2.    Persons in nursing homes
3.    Persons in mental institutions
4.    Persons in prisons
5.    Persons on active duty in the Armed Forces

Take note that in order to be included among the unemployed, you must have all of the characteristics:

1.    A person does not have a job.
2.    He is actively looking for a job for the past 4 weeks; meaning he has been contacting employers, employment agencies, friends, relatives, or university employment centers for any job hiring or interviews. He has been submitting or sending résumés and been filling out applications. He has been placing or answering job advertisements. He should have other related means of actively searching for a job.
3.    He is currently available for work.

People who do not have a job but not looking for a job are not classified among the unemployed. This class is a reality, and a report states that they are not looking for a job for some reasons. Examples are there is no available job in their field, they had been unsuccessful in their attempt to look for a job, they lack the necessary requirement for a particular job (education, experience, training), or that they have been facing some sort of discrimination such as age, sex, or race.

The design used in an unemployment survey is indeed comprehensive.